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2015 national policies and measures for deepening rural reform, developing modern agriculture and increasing farmer’s income

Release time:2015-08-18

I. Support the construction of agricultural product traceability system
To protect the quality of agricultural products, the state has in recent years been accelerating the formulation of quality and safety traceability system for agricultural products, building connections between various nodes including agricultural production, purchase, storage, transportation and other links, to achieve full quality traceability of agricultural products from production to the phase before go-to-market. In 2015 and the coming years, the main focus will be accelerating the development of quality traceability system, management regulations and technical standards, promoting the construction of national traceability platform, and further improving the traceability system for quality and safety of agricultural products. At the same time, efforts shall be made to increase investment in construction of the traceability system for quality and safety of agricultural products, and constantly improve the basic conditions needed to run the traceability system, strengthen grass-roots information collection, supervision and sampling, inspection and testing, law enforcement and supervision, communication and training. In accordance with the principle of “pilot first and rollout later”, pilot project will be launched for products certified as “San Pin Yi Biao”, and based on the experience of the pilot, the traceability management objectives for quality and safety of major agricultural products in China will be pursued.

 

II. Livestock fine breeding subsidies
China has implemented the policy of livestock fine breeding subsidies since 2005. In 2014, 1.2 billion yuan subsidy fund was invested in livestock breeding, which was mainly used to provide price subsidies for farms (households) to purchase high-quality breeding pig (cattle) semen, ram, or yak bull. The subsidy standard for breeding pig was 40 yuan per head of sow; the subsidy standard for breeding dairy cattle was 30 yuan per Holstein, Jersey cattle, and buffalo cow, and 20 yuan for other varieties of cow; The subsidy standard for beef cattle was 10 yuan per head of cow; the subsidy standard for high-quality breeding sheep was 800 yuan per ram; the subsidy standard for yak bull was 2000 yuan per head. In 2015, China will continue to implement the subsidy policy for livestock breeding, and explore ways to carry out pilots on subsidies for introduction of high-quality Holstein breeding embryo, with subsidy of 5,000 yuan per embryo.    

 

III. Support for standardized scale livestock farming

In 2014, the central government invested 3.8 billion yuan to support the development of standardized and large-scale livestock farming. Among them, the central government allocated 2.5 billion yuan to support the construction of standardized scale pig farming zones (farms), used 1 billion yuan to support the construction of standardized and large-scale dairy cow farming zones (farms), used 0.3 billion yuan to support the construction of standardized and large-scale beef cattle and sheep farms (zones) in Inner Mongolia, Sichuan, Tibet, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, Xinjiang and the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps. The support funds were mainly used for water pipeline and circuit transformation, waste treatment, epidemic prevention, milking, quality testing and the construction of other supporting facilities in the farms (zones). In 2015, the government will continue to support standardized and large-scale farming for livestock and poultry, however, due to adjustment and optimization of policy funds, the construction of standardized and large-scale farms (zones) for pigs will be suspended for one year.

 

IV. Animal epidemic prevention subsidies
The animal epidemic prevention subsidy policy includes the following five parts: 1. Subsidy for compulsory immunization vaccines for major animal diseases. Compulsory vaccination policy is implemented for highly pathogenic diseases such as avian influenza, foot-and-mouth disease, blue ear pig disease, swine fever, peste des petits ruminants, etc.; bidding and purchase of compulsory immunization vaccines are organized by the provincial governments; the cost of vaccines will be shared proportionally by the central government and local governments, and farms (households) do not have to pay the cost of mandatory vaccines. 2. Subsidy for culling of livestock infected with animal diseases. The government implements compulsory culling policy for animals and the herds infected with highly pathogenic diseases such as avian influenza, foot-and-mouth disease, blue ear pig disease, swine fever, peste des petits ruminants, as well as for brucellosis, tuberculosis-positive cows. Breeders will be subsidized for the losses resulted from the culling. The subsidies for compulsory culling are jointly borne by the central government, local governments and farms (households) in proportion. 3. Subsidy for grass-roots animal epidemic prevention service. The fund is mainly used as service subsidies for the livestock epidemic prevention team of the village that is committed to compulsory immunization and other grass-roots animal epidemic prevention work. In 2015, the central government continues to provide 780 million yuan subsidy funds. 4. Subsidy for harmless treatment of pigs died of disease in the farming phase. The state provides a subsidy of 80 yuan per head of pig for large-scale pig farms (zones) that produce more than 50 slaughter pigs per year and carry out harmless treatment of pigs died of disease. The subsidies are jointly borne by the central government and local governments. In 2015, the subsidy policy for harmless treatment of pigs died of disease will be extended from large-scale pig farms (zones) to pig-raising farmers. 5. Subsidy for harmless treatment of pigs died of disease in the slaughtering phase. The state provides subsidies to cover the losses resulted from pigs died of disease in the slaughtering phase and harmless treatment cost. The subsidy standard for losses resulted from pigs died of disease is 800 yuan per head, and the subsidy for harmless treatment is 80 yuan per head, which are jointly borne by the central and local governments.  

 

V. Subsidy incentives for grassland ecological protection

To strengthen grassland protection, it is a must to guarantee the supply of beef and mutton and other livestock, increase herders' income; since 2011, the government has established grassland ecological protection subsidy incentives in eight major grassland provinces (autonomous regions ) and the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, including Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Tibet, Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, Ningxia and Yunnan. Main contents include: introduction of grazing prohibition subsidies: Grazing prohibition and enclosure are enforced for severely degraded grasslands that provide bad living environment. The central government provides herders with a subsidy of 6 yuan per mu per year, with a 5-year subsidy cycle; implementation of livestock and grassland balance incentives: For other available grasslands outside of the prohibited area, the central government provides herders not overloading with livestock and grassland balance incentives, a subsidy of 1.5 yuan per mu per year; and the central government grants production subsidies for herders, including subsidies for livestock breeding, grass seed subsidies (10 yuan per mu per year), and subsidies of 500 yuan per household per year for production materials. In 2012, grassland ecological protection subsidy incentives were extended to Shanxi, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Liaoning, Jilin and the pastoral and semi-pastoral counties under Heilongjiang Land Reclamation Bureau. All pastoral and semi-pastoral counties in 13 provinces (regions) nationwide were included in the policy. In 2014, the subsidy fund provided by the central government for the 13 provinces (regions) reached 15.769 billion yuan. In 2015, the state continues to implement grassland ecological protection subsidy incentives in the 13 provinces (regions).

 

VI. Boost dairy industry and alfalfa development  

To improve the quality and safety of China's dairy production, China has announced the "Boost dairy and alfalfa development initiative" since 2012. The central government allocated 300 million yuan annually to support the construction of high yield alfalfa demonstration areas. With 3,000 mu as a unit, a one-time subsidy of 1.8 million yuan (600 yuan per mu) was provided, which was mainly used to promote fine alfalfa seeding, apply standardized production technology, improve production conditions and strengthen alfalfa quality management. In 2015, the state will continue to implement the "Boost dairy and alfalfa development initiative".

 

VII. Support for development of family farms
In 2015, the relevant government authorities will take a series of measures to guide and support the healthy and stable development of family farms, mainly including: create demonstration family farms, drive the implementation of relevant policies such as agriculture-related construction projects, financial subsidies, tax incentives, credit support, collateral, agricultural insurance, facilities land etc., increase the training for family farm operators, encourage graduates from colleges and universities, especially those from agricultural vocational colleges, new-generation farmers and rural talents, and business returnees to set up family farms; develop scale farms of various forms; encourage areas with appropriate qualifications to establish family farm registration system, with clearly identified standards, registration procedures, and support policies; explore ways to carry out family farms statistics and family farms operator training, drive relevant departments to take various incentive measures to support the healthy development of family farms.